Armgart rejoices: "Dead, dead! For a discussion of Schiller's complete career, see NCLC, Volume 39.. 26, Part 6 Wilhelm Tell Friedrich von Schiller Based on the legendary Swiss hero who resisted Austrian domination and was consequently forced to shoot an apple placed on the head of … Tell was reluctant to answer, but Gessler promised that he would not kill him; he replied that, had he killed his son, he would have killed Gessler with the second bolt. outlook, Swiss historians were looking to dismantle the foundational legends of Swiss statehood as unhistorical national myth. but is also reported in historiographical works of the time, including Johannes von Müller's History of the Swiss Confederation (German: Geschichte Schweizerischer Eidgenossenschaft, 1780).[8]. It is Tschudi's version that became influential in early modern Switzerland and entered public consciousness as the "William Tell" legend. The story focuses on the legendary Swiss marksman William Tell as part of the greater Swiss struggle for independence from the Habsburg Empire in the early 14th century. Außerdem stellte der Tell-Stoff den prominentesten Geschichtsmythos der Französischen Revolution dar. Tschudi's continues that Tell was being carried in Gessler's boat to the dungeon in the castle at Küssnacht when a storm broke on Lake Lucerne, and the guards were afraid that their boat would sink. Another early account is in Petermann Etterlin's Chronicle of the Swiss Confederation (German: Kronika von der loblichen Eydtgenossenschaft) of 1507, the earliest printed version of the Tell story. 1570. In 1858, the Swiss Colonization Society, a group of Swiss and German immigrants to the United States, founded its first (and only) planned city on the banks of the Ohio River in Perry County, Indiana. Characters and scenes from the opera William Tell are recognisable on the court cards and Aces of William Tell cards, playing cards that were designed in Hungary around 1835. Since 1947 the play has been performed annually in Interlaken at the Tellspiele. John Wilkes Booth, the assassin of Abraham Lincoln, was inspired by Tell. Set in the early 14th century (traditional date 1307, during the rule of Albert of Habsburg), the first written records of the legend date to the latter part of the 15th century, when the Swiss Confederacy was gaining military and political influence. „Wilhelm Tell“ - Schillers Antwort auf die Französische Revolution? 6 So brachten Anhänger der Französischen Revolution 1798 ein Flugblatt in Umlauf, das ein neues Vaterunser einführte: „Wilhelm Tell, der du bist der Stifter unserer Freiheit. Gessler gave in, but Tell steered the boat to a rocky place and leaped out. Had he not chosen the Swiss characters of Schiller's play, had he chosen Hungarian heroes or freedom fighters, his deck of cards would never have made it into distribution, due to the heavy censorship by the government at the time. He obtained a copy of Tschudi's chronicles and considered writing a play about Tell, but ultimately gave the idea to his friend Friedrich von Schiller, who in 1803–04 wrote the play Wilhelm Tell, first performed on 17 March 1804, in Weimar. The fateful enmity of the tyrant Gessler, Governor of the Swiss cantons, and William Tell, an obscure huntsman, begins during a tempest on Lake Lucerne when Tell braves the angry waves to row to safety a peasant who is pursued by the Governor's horsemen. Ulrich, who earlier had condemned his master for Tell's ordeal and had declared that to keep silent longer would be treason to his country and his King, has gone over wholly to the side of his people. [citation needed], In Switzerland, the importance of Tell had declined somewhat by the end of the 19th century, outside of Altdorf and Interlaken which established their tradition of performing Schiller's play in regular intervals in 1899 and 1912, respectively. Please note: Translations are original, and if quoted must be attributed to the Schiller Institute and the author (if signed. When he was made an honorary citizen of the French Republic by the Jacobines, he rejected the homage. Schiller was familiar with the works of Rousseau, he was a contemporary of Pestalozzi, was acquainted with the fervent Zürich preacher Lavater, and (when at work on Wilhelm Tell) experienced the fatigues of conversation with the daughter of the Genevan Necker — Mme de Staël. Der Dichter Friedrich Schiller verfasste in seiner späten Schaffensphase das berühmte gleichnamige Bühnenwerk.Seit dem 15. Allyn and Bacon Collection americana Digitizing sponsor Brigham Young University Contributor The Tell legend has been compared to a number of other myths or legends, specifically in Norse mythology, involving a magical marksman coming to the aid of a suppressed people under the sway of a tyrant. De Capitani (2013) cites the controversy surrounding Kopp in the 1840s as the turning point after which doubts in Tell's historicity "could no longer be ignored".[29]. ), as well Fidelio Magazine or other publications in which they appeared. The plays were widely hailed as a success and were followed by four other major dramas, among them Maria Stuart and Wilhelm Tell. At the time of the French Revolution, Tell becomes – at the side of Brutus – an emblematic figure of peoples resistance against tyranny, and Lemierre's play is widely known. An initial study of its dramatic structure suggests a change in the relationship between the Swiss peasants and nobles. A friend of the peasants is the aged Baron of Attinghausen, but his nephew and heir, Ulrich of Rudenz, fascinated by the splendor of Gessler's court and love for Bertha, the Governor's ward, is allied with the tyrant. The American Revolution had unleashed a new force in the world, as reflected famously in Schiller's play Wilhelm Tell. The canton of Uri, in defiant reaction to this decision taken at the federal level, erected the Tell Monument in Altdorf in 1895, with the date 1307 inscribed prominently on the base of the statue. Wilhelm Tell was written at the close of Schiller's life (1803-1804). It was long believed that the card was invented in Vienna at the Card Painting Workshop of Ferdinand Piatnik, however in 1974 the very first deck was found in an English private collection, and it has shown the name of the inventor and creator of deck as József Schneider, a Master Card Painter at Pest, and the date of its creation as 1837. Tell, the individualist, holds aloof from the rebels' councils, but promises his aid when needed. Tell during the 16th century had become closely associated and eventually merged with the Rütlischwur legend, and the "Three Tells" represented the three conspirators or Eidgenossen Walter Fürst, Arnold von Melchtal and Werner Stauffacher. One day, Tell's wife receives a visitor at their cottage; it is presumably a monk, but Tell soon recognizes him as John in disguise, fleeing his would-be captors. Schillers letztes Stück „Wilhelm Tell“ ist sehr stark von seiner Auseinandersetzung mit der Französischen Revolution geprägt: Stand er den Aufständen in Frankreich und dem Kampf für Freiheit, Gleichheit und Brüderlichkeit zunächst sehr positiv gegenüber, änderte sich seine Haltung mit dem Aufkommen der jakobinischen Schreckensherrschaft („Terreur“) in grundlegender Weise. The drama "Wilhelm Tell" by Friedrich von Schiller. Introduces new computer-aided methods and techniques of discursive and textual analysis to the broad field of translation analysis. In one they find Bertha; they rescue her just as burning timbers are about to fall on her. From the second half of the 19th century, it has been largely undisputed among historians that there is no contemporary (14th-century) evidence for Tell as a historical individual, let alone for the apple-shot story. Dossier:Wilhelm Tell zwischen gestern und heuteEssen und Trinken im … Wilhelm Tell ist ein legendärer Schweizer Freiheitskämpfer.Seine Geschichte spielt in der heutigen Zentralschweiz und wird auf das Jahr 1307 datiert. Many of the activities occur on the grounds of City Hall and Main Street, at the feet of the Tell statue. His opinion of the bloodthirsty Gessler is shared increasingly by the peasantry as the oppressor fills the old jails, builds a huge new prison at Altdorf for more victims, and sets his cap upon a pole before it, commanding that all who pass must bow to it or pay the penalty of death. Gessler was furious and ordered Tell to be bound, saying that he had promised to spare his life, but would imprison him for the remainder of his life. [2] In 2004 Schiller’s play was staged for the first time at the Rütli Meadow (German: Rütliwiese), on the occasion of its 200th anniversary. 10. ", The spectators are horrified. Schiller war auch zu Beginn der Revolution kein glühender Revolutionsanhänger, hat aber die Ereignisse, über deren Verlauf er sich im »Journal de Paris (1777-1840) regelmäßig informierte, zumindest anfangs durchaus wohlwollend betrachtet. [25], Schweizer Helden ("Swiss Heroes", English title Unlikely Heroes) is a 2014 film about the performance of a simplified version of Schiller's play by asylum seekers in Switzerland. 5. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Wilhelm Tell. [12], Even though it did not have any direct political effect, its symbolic value was considerable, placing the Lucerne authorities in the role of the tyrant (Habsburg and Gessler) and the peasant population in that of the freedom fighters (Tell). Gioachino Rossini's four-act opera Guillaume Tell was written to a French adaptation of Schiller's play. The French Navy also had a Tonnant class ship of the line named Guillaume Tell, which was captured by the British Royal Navy in 1800. Gessler was intrigued by Tell's famed marksmanship, but resentful of his defiance, so he devised a cruel punishment. Tell answers: "If the first arrow had struck my child, the second would have gone through your heart. Abstract. This is how a tyrant dies! Antoine-Marin Lemierre wrote a play inspired by Tell in 1766 and revived it in 1786. This volume was written in c. 1474 by Hans Schriber, state secretary (Landschreiber) Obwalden. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe learned of the Tell saga during his travels through Switzerland between 1775 and 1795. It tells the story of a personal revolution in the character of Wilhelm Tell himself. O Lord, have mercy on my soul!" "[21], Charlie Chaplin parodies William Tell in his famous 1928 silent movie The Circus. The Three Tells (die Drei Tellen, also die Drei Telle) were symbolic figures of the Swiss Peasant War of 1653. For a discussion of Schiller's complete career, see NCLC, Volume 39.. From now on, I must change. Schiller verknüpft in seinem Wilhelm Tell verschiedene Handlungsstränge zu einem kunstvollen Ganzen: Er schloss es 1804 ab, am 17. Tell is represented as facing the viewer, with his right hand raised, the left holding the crossbow. This paper is an interdisciplinary analysis of Friedrich Schiller’s play Wilhelm Tell (1804). [9], The first recorded Tell play (Tellspiel), known as the Urner Tellspiel ("Tell Play of Uri"),[10] was probably performed in the winter of either 1512 or 1513 in Altdorf. Tell and his son were both to be executed; however, he could redeem his life by shooting an apple off the head of his son Walter in a single attempt. During the 19th century, William Tell inspired many freedom fighters, e.g. Gioachino Rossini used Schiller's play as the basis for his 1829 opera William Tell. Jahrhundert erwähnt, wurde er zu einer zentralen Identifikationsfigur verschiedener, sowohl konservativer als auch progressiver Kreise der Eidgenossenschaf… In 2004 it was first performed in Altdorf itself. William Tell (German: Wilhelm Tell; French: Guillaume Tell; Italian: Guglielmo Tell; Romansh: Guglielm Tell) is a folk hero of Switzerland.